By Angela Dorsey
The S&P 500 has now officially entered a bear market, after meeting the definition of a 20% decline from a recent peak. (1) With inflation reaching a 40-year high, rising interest rates, and the war in Ukraine, this has sent the market into a downward spiral.
In light of all these concerns, today we’ll share what you need to know about recessions and bear markets. If you’re worried about your portfolio, we understand and we’re here to help. Feel free to contact our office to get answers to your specific questions.
What Is a Bear Market?
A bear market happens when an overall market benchmark, such as the S&P 500, dips by 20% or more from its most recent high. (2) This is often accompanied by negative investor sentiment and more selling than buying.
It’s important to highlight that normal stock market volatility isn’t an indicator of a bear market. Normal dips and swings are necessary for long-term growth and shouldn’t be cause for concern.
What Is a Recession?
A recession is defined as two consecutive quarters of economic decline (emphasis on the word economic). They’re measured using factors such as the employment rate, gross domestic product, bond yield curves, and other factors independent of the stock market. (3)
Economists declare recessions retroactively. For example, the Great Recession wasn’t confirmed until November 2008—11 months after it started. (4)
Bear Markets vs. Recessions: How Are They Related?
A bear market relates to the stock market; a recession relates to the economy. Contrary to popular belief, the stock market is not the economy. What drives the stock market is investor emotions—which, as we all know, can be fickle. As humans, we have a tendency to be overly optimistic when there’s no data to support our feelings, and pessimistic when data looks great.
Recessions are the complete opposite. Tangible factors determine the state of our economy. There’s no emotion involved. Which begs the question: Why do people correlate recessions and bear markets?
If you look back on history, recessions and bear markets have usually occurred around the same time. Of the last six S&P 500 bear markets we’ve had since 1973, five of them came before or after a recession. (4) The two go hand in hand, but they’re not the same.
Not even highly educated economists can predict a bear market or recession. There’s a lot of speculation that goes on in the news, but it’s just that—speculation.
What Should Investors Do?
The best thing to do as a long-term investor is to find an optimal portfolio that balances your comfortable level of risk and return. The actions you take in the stock market should be independent of whether economists think we’re entering a bear market or recession.
And as many financial experts have advised, your 401(k) right now is like your face—don’t touch it. Selling due to fear when the market is down locks in your losses and can do long-term damage to your financial future.
Speak With Your Advisor
Whether you’re new to investing or an experienced investor, it’s helpful to consult with an objective third party during times like this. Human nature causes us all to act out of emotion when our accounts go down. As an independent firm, we put your best interests first. We seek to serve as a support system for our clients, helping them make informed financial decisions that are not driven by emotion. You can reach us at (310) 370-7776 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
We’re Here for Your Friends and Family
If you have friends or family who need help with their investments, we are happy to offer a complimentary portfolio review and recommendations. We can discuss what is appropriate for their immediate needs and long-term objectives. Sometimes simply speaking with a financial advisor may help investors feel more confident and less concerned with the most recent market activity. If you would like to get started, schedule a free introductory 30-minute phone call.
About AngelaAngela Dorsey is the founder and fiduciary financial advisor at Dorsey Wealth Management, a fee-only financial planning firm helping successful women and couples prepare for retirement. Angela earned a BS in computer science from Loyola Marymount University, an MBA from UCLA Anderson School of Management, and spent 20 years as a Senior Compensation Specialist in large corporations before becoming a Certified Financial Planner™ (CFP®) and a Registered Investment Advisor (RIA). That background gave her the tools to couple with her passion for empowering women to make the best financial decisions possible. Angela lives in Torrance, California, with her husband and two children. She enjoys spending time at the beach or surrounded by nature. To learn more about Angela, connect with her on LinkedIn.